Major League Sports’ Magic Number Is 3

Three is a magic number.  Yes it is. It’s a magic number.  All you Schoolhouse Rock grads can hum along.  

For those not in the know, sports have always embraced threes on the field/court/rink/track.  The Triple Crown in horseracing, triple-double in basketball, hat tricks in hockey and the epically elusive triple that has kept hundreds from hitting for the cycle in baseball.  It turns out, the front office is becoming as enamored of the three as the lockeroom, as countless franchises and leagues have embraced a triple-bottom-line approach to managing the business, that is putting equal emphasis on profits, planet and people, in their pursuit of success.

The State of Green

Next week marks the 5th installment of the Green Sports Summit, the annual conference of the teams, leagues, facilities and universities who are forging a smarter, more resilient path to maintaining a competitive advantage in their operations – gameday and beyond. What began as a like-minded group of clubs and venues in the ever-tree-loving Pacific Northwest has now blossomed to over 200 members, committed to sharing numbers, experiments and pushing one another to greater efforts in driving costs and carbon footprints downward while remaining committed to providing exceptional fan experiences.
So it seems like as good a time as any to reflect on each of the major North American leagues’ ‘State of Green’.

Team Effort

The graphic above gives you a quick visual rundown of where each of the leagues currently stand in terms of team awareness/engagement in responsible operations, but it doesn’t really tell the whole story. At the league level, we have had early innovators who have plateaued in their commitment and laggards who have leaped ahead with great gusto.

The percentages associated with each of the leagues refer to the number of clubs in the league who also maintain an individual membership in the Green Sports Alliance. Nice to see MLB batting .750.  Hockey and basketball teams are also posting up playoff-worthy stats, and hopefully moving toward conference champ levels. The NFL seems to be in a position that describes the league itself – a bit lagging on the social leadership front (despite a few shining stars – more below). And perhaps most surprising of all, the MLS. With an outdoor summer season, a veneration of natural grass surfaces and a disproportionate fan base of 18-34 year olds who are arguably more environmentally aware, it’s a bit of an eye-opener to see them with a relegation-level number of engaged clubs.

The great news is that all of the major U.S.-based leagues are members of the Green Sports Alliance, an organization dedicated to “Leveraging the cultural & market influence of sports to promote healthy, sustainable communities where we live & play.” The pretty good news is that many of their individual teams are as well. But as you can see, there is still room for improvement.

But a parent can only do so much with its adult children – so to gain some insight into these participation numbers, we feel its best to start with a look at their most fundamental relationship’s influence and guidance to date.    In this post, we characterize each league’s approach and most notable efforts to date.
The critical thing to remember is that we are making candid observations about what has been undertaken to date and not ‘grading’ each of them – every action undertaken by these leagues is noteworthy and commendable. We hope our exploration will ignite their innate competitiveness to move the ball down the field even more.



Strategy synopsis: League Leadership, Continuous Improvement, Strong Acknowledgement of Individual Clubs’ Efforts


The league was the absolute forerunner and a early champion of leading all its clubs by providing practical resources for greening operations.  They established the first ‘Greening Advisor’ in 2006 in collaboration with the NRDC to guide clubs toward resources, and Commissioner Bud Selig was recognized for his active advocacy in providing league office resources to all member clubs.  MLB has certainly played a role in encouraging its franchises to adopt and share best practices, though the 81-game schedule and lower ticket prices are likely also a factor in incentivizing clubs’ efforts to root out efficiencies in operations.  It didn’t hurt that Green Sports Alliance chairman, Scott Jenkins, was coming from MLB, but other early leaders including Joe Abernathy of the St Louis Caridnals, Brad Mohr of the Cleveland Indians (now working his mojo for the Cleveland Browns), and the Phillies and Twins organizations were equally instrumental in leading the way with novel energy, water and waste management solutions.




NBA logo


Strategy synopsis:     Unified Voice, Fan-Facing Communications, Community Connections

A league with a similar, aggressive early move on greening, the NBA Green Week remains one of the most visible with fan-facing efforts, starting in earnest in 2007.  Whatever the NBA does, it does with the entertainment and celebrity factor in mind.  While individual club efforts are less celebrated than the league-branded and promoted Green Week, the Portland Trailblazers early, aggressive stewardship of their facility and their community is notable.  This could well be that Blazers owner Paul Allen who also owns the NFL Seahawks, was an instigator of getting the original clubs together to discuss energy savings options.  The league’s began by doing environmental assessments of its offices and the NBA Store.  One small, but remarkable outcome was eliminating BPA from its licensed products – 4 years before the US FDA required this.  NBA Green Week was started in 2009 with a heavy and very public focus on community service projects involving health & greenspace, specialty apparel and PSAs featuring players.  The NBA has done the most effective job of harnessing star power in its community-directed messaging.  Additionally innovative, they have taken their sustainability values with them overseas, incorporating responsible event practices and associated fan-messaging into the NBA EuropeLive Tour.




Strategy synopsis:  Clinical, strategic and unrelenting.  Taking it to the boards.

While arriving a bit later than its peers, the NHL has taken no small measures since beginning its NHL Green program in January 2010.  Moving as fast and forcefully as its game, just shy of 2 years later the league’s stewardship of investment and commitment to greening all of its events, its own operations and those of ALL 30 member franchises led to the 2011 Beyond Sport ‘Sport for Environment’ Award.  This recognized the greening of its Draft, Winter Classic, All-Star Game and Stanley Cup Championship, the establishment of a Greening Advisor, but more importantly a dedicated team to put all 30 clubs through en environmental audit, and experimentation with new technologies on behalf of all its venues to guide their investments and upgrades responsibly.  It also acknowledged the adoption by all 30 teams of the ‘Rock and Wrap It Up’ food recovery program.  Again, to emphasize – all 30 clubs. Astonishing, really, for a league that has had two significant work stoppages, including the loss of an entire season.  Other firsts include the first League Sustainability Report, issued in 2014 and the first league level Official Energy Provider with Constellation Energy.  It doesn’t hurt that they have a passionate spokesman in Andrew Ference and another in former New York Ranger great, Mike Richter, who now runs a venture capital firm investing in clean technologies.

Puck-Bettmann quote


The next step will see how these very significant and substantive actions are translated to fans – and beyond.





Strategy synopsis:  First mover with strong influence potential, several superstars, must lead strongly to keep pace

As with many things, the NFL has been a pioneer, and this is true on the sustainability front to some extent as well, with greening of the SuperBowl going back to 2000.  Improving the environmental aspects of championships and all-star games is no mean feat, as they are moving feasts, with multiple venues, stakeholders and local regulations changing every time it comes around.  Their focus has been in five key areas:  solid waste management, material reuse, food recovery, sports equipment and book donations and greenhouse gas reduction.  The man at the head of the parade is Jack Groh, Director of Environmental Sustainability for the NFL, who begins speaking with the host city and organizing committee up to three years ahead of the event to move the needle as much as possible with the various moving parts.  And measure and report it each time.  As of 2011, the league has also been addressing responsible management of its three primary offices in Manhattan, Culver City and Mount Laurel, New Jersey.  The league also benefits from having one of the earliest pioneering teams in all of sports ‘greening’ in the Philadelphia Eagles.  Their efforts date back to 2003 when building Lincoln Financial Field (where a guy by the name of Scott Jenkins was in charge).  The Eagles are committed to becoming the first net positive sports facility, by generating more energy than they use.   SuperBowl 49 was the first played under LED field lighting reducing the electricity demand there by 75% (and eliminating that tricky blackout problem).  SuperBowl 50 has an even more broad-ranging plan with its dual commitment to sustainability and social impact, but these need to be showcased more prominently.  In fact, the last 4 SuperBowls have made it a point to proclaim themselves loudly the ‘Greenest Super Bowl Ever’, bringing the topic front and center while millions are watching, fan and non-fan alike.  The annual one-upmanship of this claim is a laudable practice under Mr. Groh’s leadership. 

While the NFL may have been the earliest league onside, it has not been as aggressive as other leagues in pushing the ball down the field or in field coverage through stewardship of its franchises.  Then again, they may well have the most difficult owners to wrangle. 




Strategy synopsis:  Read and react. Looking to the yeoman to report back.

The new kid on the block, and with many items to manage as the league continues to grow and develop, but to our minds the one with the most to gain, and the fan base most likely to reward their efforts and fully engage and amplify both team and sponsor messaging (18-34 year olds).  While the league has a ‘Greener Goals’ designated initiative under its broader MLS Works community relations program, at present this is in transition while a number of new MLS partners settle in to their chosen activations.

In truth the league has learned it may be best to take its cues from the best practices that emerge from its teams and fortunately there are a fair few doing some terrific community-based work. The Portland Timbers #StandTogether Week is a terrific example of combining social and environmental measures with a week full of projects that has fans and non-fans alike working with players, front office and mascot on community improvement projects.  Portland was also the site of the 2014 All-Star Game where a strong recycling initiative was on tap.  The rival Sounders play in the very responsibly managed CenturyLink Field and have emulated their Cascadia rivals with their ImpactSeattle program, also focused on a series of community projects centered on a single week and partnered with existing non-profit organizations.  These are smart in several ways – the single week enables the club to get player participation up and simplifies this for the players.  It also provides the media with several options to provide profile.  It helps the club manage the partner relationships & requests, and finally it provides a solid focal point for the supporter groups and the community-at-large to direct their energy and time.  It’s easily incorporated into the clubs’ existing media buys as an ad ‘snipe’ or tag in radio and TV.  Naturally the social media on the lead-up and in the activity capture is also easier to manage and more impactful. 

The LA Galaxy are celebrating their 20th anniversary with the 20 for Twenty campaign, consisting of 20 community service projects focusing on human and environmental health over the course of the 2015 season.    

The MLS would do well to take note of the simple, yet effective framework of these team initiatives:   they leverage their more ‘accessible’ players’ willingness to go out into the community and the mobilization capacity and fanatical civic pride of their supporters groups to reach into the community providing both tangible service outcomes and connection to the casual and non-fans of the club.  This is what we’d call a triple bottom line impact effort (social good, environmental gain and club ROI on marketing and likely sales). 

We are the champions, my friends

So who’s winning?  We all are for now, but you know you’re only as good as your last outing, so we look forward to reporting significant ball movement by all of these leagues heading into the 2016 Summit.


Over the course of the next few weeks, we’ll be going into greater detail on the actions of each of these leagues’ franchises in a framework that provides both an assessment and decently fair context for comparison.   Hopefully, we’ll give you enough stats and insight to draft your fantasy green team.




Best and Worst of Green Sports in 2014

David SuzukiPhoto:


The Green-Sports movement not only grew in 2014, it matured. Yes, the growth came from new LEED Certified stadia/arenas and from many more Zero-Waste games. Maturity comes from the fact that greening is increasingly the rule rather than the exception. With this maturity comes responsibility. In 5T Sports Blog’s case, our responsibility is to offer our readers a Best/Worst of Green-Sports, 2014.

While this is our first run at calling out these examples, we’d appreciate your feedback.  Maybe next year we can entice



The National Hockey League (NHL) broke new ground with the issuance of the first-ever sustainability report sanctioned by a North American sports league.  You really should read it. The report is rigorous–it measured the league’s CO2 footprint from Scope 1 (direct), Scope 2 (indirect) and even some hard-to-get-at Scope 3 (other indirect) emissions, like NHL League and Club business air travel, as well as waste disposal at NHL arenas and offices. And, as the saying goes, “what gets measured gets managed”: Measured league Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions declined 28% from the 2011-2012 to 2012-2013 season!




JedTweetonLEED Gold

Owner Jed York Walks the Talk


While the 49ers have been a disappointment on the field, at least that less than stellar play has taken place at our Greenest New Stadium. Levi’s Stadium, the club’s new LEED Gold home  in Santa Clara, which opened in August, gets major plaudits for its green roof, recycling 86% of its water, on-site solar, access to mass transit and many other greening features. That greenness, which has set the bar for all new stadia going forward, will be on display for the world to see when Levi’s Stadium hosts Super Bowl 50 in February, 2016.



OSU ZeroWaste Icon 

Ohio State University (or, to Buckeyes fans, THE Ohio State University) will play in the first-ever college football playoffs on New Year’s Day vs. Alabama. That is a big deal. Perhaps an even bigger deal (or to Buckeyes fans, a close second) is that Ohio State’s 7 home football games this season were all Zero-Waste –which means they diverted  90% or more of the waste from the landfill, produced by over 106,000 fans at Ohio Stadium (aka The Horseshoe).




New Braves

Artist’s rendering of an aerial view of the Atlanta Braves new home stadium, SunTrust Park. Located in suburban Cobb County and scheduled to open in 2017, SunTrust Park will not be served by the MARTA light rail/subway system. (Photo Credit: CBS Sports)


What were the Atlanta Braves thinking? I’m not talking about the artist’s rendering of their planned new stadium, SunTrust Park, scheduled to open in 2017, showing the Braves losing on the scoreboard ( Honest mistake, that.


No, what garners the Braves this unwanted but deserved award is that the club decided to buck the trend of building stadia and arenas in urban areas, close to mass transit. Instead, they are moving to the suburbs, in Cobb County northeast of downtown Atlanta, next to the confluence of two already super-crowded highways, I-85 and I-285. There will be bus access to the new ballpark and maybe a trolley line. Unfortunately, the MARTA light rail system does not go anywhere near the stadium. When one considers that transportation is, by far, the largest source of carbon emissions associated with sports events, one has to think that Braves management either didn’t factor sustainability/the environment into their decision on the stadium site. Or they did think about it and decided it’s not a big deal. I’m not sure which is worse.


And the thing is, the club’s current downtown home, Turner Field, is at least somewhat close to a MARTA line . It is a 20-minute walk from the closest stop to the ballpark, true. But there are frequent shuttles that take fans to the stadium from the station.


If the Braves were interested in greening, they would’ve built their new stadium closer to MARTA, not further away. But greening seems not to be part of their stadium site calculation, or, to be part of any of the club’s calculations, as there is nothing about sustainability on their new stadium website. Wait, they do list “lack of consistent mass transit”  as a reason for leaving Turner Field, yet they go to a place where there are fewer mass transit options (maybe they are more reliable? Who knows). Yikes! The Braves clearly have earned their LEAST GREEN NEW STADIUM PROJECT designation!




Photo: Stefan Krasowski

Photo: Stefan Krasowski


The Olympic Winter Games in Sochi, Russia this February easily won this award. The Sochi Organizing Committee and their enablers at the IOC made grand proclamations about the greenness of the Games in the run up to the Opening Ceremonies. The reality? Uh, well, let’s just say if the Sochi Olympics were green, I’d hate to see what a brown Olympics would’ve looked like.


To see the emptiness of Sochi’s green promises, click on this Time Magazine  story. Or this from The Guardian. Or this one from GreenSportsBlog . You get the idea.




Dale Vince, Chairman of Forest Green Rovers, Stroud, England. (Photo Credit: Forest Green Rovers)

The Greening of Forest Green Rovers (FGR), a soccer/football club in England’s 5th level (the baseball equivalent would be A-League or Rookie League ball) is not the Biggest Green Sports Story of the Year but it’s certainly the Best. Club Chairman and “Zerocarbonista” Dale Vince also owns Ecotricity, an innovative clean energy/energy efficiency company based in Stroud, England.

Vince has taken Ecotricity’s disruptive, anything-green-is-possible ethos and applied it to the operations of FGR . From the first ever meat-free concessions menu in sports to searching for lighting technologies more efficient than LEDs, from the world’s first organic pitch/field to electric vehicles for all of the players, Vince and FGR are demonstrating that what the sports world thought was green is not green enough. Going forward, Vince is looking to take the FGR approach to bigger clubs. That’s a story for 2015. For 2014, Vince and Forest Green Rovers is, without doubt, the Best Green Sports Story of the Year.


And a shout-out to Dr. David Suzuki, whose incredible Blue Dot Tour inspired the citizens across Canada to ‘engage’ on behalf of our common future.  Perhaps we can enlist him as a presenter next year — or as the model for the ‘5T Greenies’ Award Statuettes …….




Behind the NBA’s New Orleans Pelicans’ Substantial Name Choice

When the New Orleans’ Hornets were presented with an opportunity to rebrand and rename the Crescent City NBA franchise, they had a rich palette of choices (Krewe, Brass, Cajuns, Blues among others).  And while a few of us initially scratched our heads at the choice of ‘Pelicans’, a closer look reveals why the moniker was the most meaningful and authentic decision they could have made.



Featured Author: Small Business BC

Our own Aileen McManamon provided her industry insight to Small Business BC by contributing an article featured in their ‘Growing A Business” section. Small Business BC is British Columbia’s premiere resource centre for knowledge-based business products and services. Aileen’s article “The Business of Major Events: Exploring and Pursuing High Profile Contracts” focuses on ways to properly leverage the opportunities around sports events to help grow your business profile. The article is highlighted by her “Four Reasons to Pursue Major Events Business”. Please visit Small Business BC for the full article here



LED: Liquidity Extraction Devices

 Managing the lighting at a sports stadium or arena is one of the most important facets of a venue Operations Manager’s job. Its performance has to be stellar. It represents a cost that is significant that needs to be minimized. And it is a major factor in a venue’s Greening (or not). LED lights, which are both high performing and energy efficient, initially faced a slow adoption curve in the industry due to high costs. But, as the cost curve is moving down, more venues are making the switch to LEDs.